Eliot saw the poet, their personality, as a “catalyst” combining emotions and feelings into a work of art: an “escape from emotion”: impersonality.

This is made possible through criticism, which should apply personal associations “nothing to do with the work of art”, so that “these suggestions, which are purely personal become fused with a multitude of other suggestions… result in… a work of art” (The Sacred Wood, p6).

By analogy, a critical confrontation of ‘meaninglessness’ in literature might result in meaningful art.